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Intertidal hyperbenthos monitoring in function of a foreshore suppletion at the Belgian coast, period 2013-2016
Citation
Marine Biology research group; University of Ghent, Belgium; (2017): Intertidal hyperbenthos monitoring in function of a foreshore suppletion at the Belgian coast, period 2013-2016

Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Description
What ecological effects does a foreshore suppletion, and a beach suppletion, have on the marine ecosystem in the intertidal and shallow surf zone (<6 m depth)? The foreshore suppletion (400.000m³) was by means of an experimental set-up in the shallow coastal zone (-1 to -2m TAW) of Mariakerke. Beside it, a beach nourishment was conducted at Mariakerke (681243m³) and Middelkerke (968754m³). For the Mariakerke area, we collect biological and sedimentological samples in the impact area and in a control area (Bredene), before as after the suppletion, whereas for Middelkerke only the data after suppletion was part of the study. We monitor the marine ecosystem with a focus on the fauna within the sediment (macrofauna) and on the sediment (hyperbenthos, epi- and demersal fish fauna) in the intertidal zone and subtidal zone. In both studies, the subtidal area is the zone between the low water line and the 6m depth line and the intertdial area is the zone between low and high tide water line more

This dataset contain the hyperbenthic data collected in the intertidal area. The hyperbenthos contain the biota collect in the first meter of the water column, and therefore living in close contact with the bottom and are collected by means of a hyperbenthic sledge. The sampling design for the monitoring is following the BACI-design (Before After Control Impact), with a control area with similar habitat characteristics outside the influence of the suppletion activity. There is sampled before the suppletion and in the following two years after suppletion. In this BACI-monitoring, the seasonal aspect is taken into account, by taking samples in spring (March) and autumn (September). The amount of sampling locations was determined by the client and contains six tracks for each sampling moment. In the intertidal, the sampling start 2 hours before low water until 3 hours after low water, to have a representative sample of the migrating fauna. The samples were taken with a hyperbenthic sledge by dragging it over the bottom by two persons in the surfzone of the beach, parallel with the coastline and at a water depth of 1m. One track takes around 20-30 minutes to execute a fixed distance (400m). The distance (100m) of the track was set out on the beach and covered 4 times. The hyperbenthic sledge consist of a metal frame of 100*40cm, with two nets above each other (0.5m in height each). The content of both nets were kept separately. The samples were fixed by an 8% formaldehyde-seawater solution. All biota were determined and counted to species level were possible and biomass is determined by wet weight. The biomass values from the fish species present was not determined. The density and biomass values were standardized to 1000m².

Scope
Themes:
Biology > Benthos
Keywords:
Marine, Coastal defences, foreshore suppletion, Hyperbenthos, ANE, Belgium, Belgian Continental Shelf (BCS), Actinopterygii, Amphipoda, Cephalopoda, Decapoda, Mysida, Pycnogonida

Geographical coverage
ANE, Belgium, Belgian Continental Shelf (BCS) [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
2013 - 2016

Taxonomic coverage
Actinopterygii [WoRMS]
Amphipoda [WoRMS]
Cephalopoda [WoRMS]
Decapoda [WoRMS]
Mysida [WoRMS]
Pycnogonida [WoRMS]

Contributors
Universiteit Gent; Faculteit Wetenschappen; Vakgroep Biologie; Onderzoeksgroep Mariene Biologie (MARBIOL), moredata providerdata creator
Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij; Instituut voor landbouw-, visserij en voedingsonderzoek (ILVO), moredata provider

Publication
Based on this dataset
Colson, L. et al. (2016). Ecologische monitoring strand- en vooroever in functie van suppletie activiteiten: Eindrapport. ILVO Mededeling, 219. Instituut voor Landbouw- en Visserijonderzoek: Merelbeke. 109 pp., more
Describing this dataset
Colson, L. et al. (2017). Ecologische monitoring in het kader van het Masterplan Kustveiligheid: Middelkerke (t1‐situatie): Eindrapport. ILVO Mededeling, 233. Instituut voor Landbouw-, Visserij- en Voedingsonderzoek: Merelbeke. 34 pp., more

Dataset status: In Progress
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2017-06-30
Information last updated: 2017-08-25
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