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Assessment of the deep water trawl fishery off the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean): from single to multi-species approach
Guijarro, B.; Tserpes, G.; Moranta, J.; Massutí, E. (2011). Assessment of the deep water trawl fishery off the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean): from single to multi-species approach. Hydrobiologia 670(1): 67-85. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10750-011-0670-z
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158; e-ISSN 1573-5117, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Indicators
    Aristeus antennatus (Risso, 1816) [WoRMS]; Nephrops norvegicus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Assessment; Community; Ecosystem approach; Traffic Lights

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Guijarro, B.
  • Tserpes, G.
  • Moranta, J.
  • Massutí, E.

Abstract
    The bottom trawl fishery developed on the slope off Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean) has been analysed from different sources of information: (i) data obtained during experimental bottom trawl surveys developed annually since 2001; (ii) daily sale bills from the bottom trawl fleet, available since 2000. Considering both hydrographical and geomorphologic conditions, the study area was divided in four geographical sectors. Multivariate techniques were applied to identify assemblages and their main species, and to investigate the influence of environmental variables in the slope communities. Fishery-independent and fishery-dependent indicators were calculated, both at specific and community level, for the assemblages identified. In all cases, they were summarised using the Traffic Light approach. Three assemblages have been identified in the slope trawl fishing grounds off the Balearic Islands: (1) the almost unexploited shelf break, where teleosts predominate; (2) the upper slope, where teleosts still predominate but crustaceans are also very important (with Nephrops norvegicus as target species); (3) and the middle slope, where crustaceans predominate (with Aristeus antennatus as target species). Depth was the main factor affecting the species composition of the assemblages, although other factors such as area, year and effort level also affect. Indicators estimated from both sets of data suggested an improvement in the state of N. norvegicus , although the results suggest the influence of other factors than fishing impact in the state of this resource. For A. antennatus , marked differences have been found depending on the data source. In the upper slope, indicators suggested an improvement in the state of this assemblage, which can be related to a decreasing trend found in the fishing effort exerted in this depth range. Indicators from the middle slope showed differences for both sets of data. The characteristics of both data sources and of the species analysed are discussed as responsible of these differences.

Dataset
  • MEDITS-Spain: Demersal and mega-benthic species from the MEDITS (Mediterranean International Trawl Survey) project on the Spanish continental shelf between 1994 and 2009, more

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